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Understanding the Educational Background of Young Offenders
August 6, 2019
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This summary report sets out the key findings from an analysis of young offenders in the youth justice system.

Key findings

For those young offenders sentenced in 2014 that were at the end of Key Stage 2 (KS2) in academic year 2007/08:

  • Those sentenced to custody had lower attainment at KS2 than those given Youth Rehabilitation Orders (YROs), Referral Orders (ROs) or cautions. 47% of those sentenced to custody for less than 12 months achieved the expected level in Maths at KS2. 56% achieved the expected level in reading and 28% achieved the expected level in writing at
  • The results for those given a custodial sentence of 12 months or longer were marginally better with 52% achieving the expected level at KS2 in Maths, 58% in reading and 33% in

For those young offenders sentenced in 2014 that were at the end of Key Stage 4 (KS4) in academic year 2012/13:

  • Those given custodial sentences had lower attainment at KS4 than those given community sentences or cautions. 1% of those sentenced to less than 12 months in custody achieved 5 or more GCSEs (or equivalents) graded A* – C including English and
  • Of those sentenced to a referral order, 14% achieved 5 or more GCSEs (or equivalents) graded A* – C including English and Maths. The equivalent figure for those given a caution was 17%.

For those young offenders sentenced in 2014 that were at the end of KS4 in academic year 2012/13:

  • 44% of those given custodial sentences less than 12 months were known to be eligible for Free School Meals (FSM). For those given custodial sentences of 12 months or longer, 44% were known to be eligible for FSM. The equivalent figure for YROs was 40%.
  • 45% of those sentenced to less than 12 months in custody were recorded as having Special Educational Needs (SEN) without a statement and 28% were recorded as having SEN with a statement.
  • 46% of those sentenced to YROs were recorded as having SEN without a statement. The equivalent figures for those sentenced to referral orders was 42% and for cautions was 38%.

For those young offenders sentenced in 2014 that were recorded as being 16 or 17 years old on their sentence date:

  • 31% of those sentenced to custody for 12 months or longer were looked after at 31st March 2014. The equivalent figure for those sentenced to custody for less than 12 months was 27%.
  • Over 90% of those sentenced to custody had a previous record of being persistently absent from school (missing 10% of sessions within a school year).
  • 23% of those sentenced to less than 12 months in custody have been permanently excluded from school prior to their 2014 sentence date. For those sentenced to 12 months or longer in custody, 16% have a previous record of being excluded from school prior to
Documents

Understanding the educational background of young offenders: amended summary report

Understanding the educational background of young offenders: summary report

What Does the Future Hold for Your Job?
August 6, 2019
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You can access the short survey below to find out!

Jobs have always changed

Since the beginning of time, the type of jobs we do and how we do them has changed with the world around us.

Imagine we used to harvest wheat with sickles. It took lots of people a very long time!

New technology creates new tools

But we have always used technology to create tools that help us do our jobs better and faster. These tools also free up time, so that we can spend less time working and more time living.

The invention of the combustion engine led to the creation of cars, heavy-duty vehicles and airplanes.

New tools change how we do our jobs

These new tools change the way we do our jobs on a day-to day basis. For some jobs these changes are minor but other times they are significant.

The engine makes harvesting easy compared with using a sickle. Farmers today drive a harvesting machine, which harvests more in less time. Less people are involved in harvesting, which allows them to focus on other tasks. Entirely new jobs are created such as making, selling or repairing harvesting machines.

What does this have to do with me?

Today, there is much discussion about the effect of robotics and artificial intelligence on our jobs. There is no doubt that these advanced technologies will change how we work, what we do and which jobs will be available to us. This means that our jobs will evolve, just as they always have. 

Some people will see their jobs change more than others, depending on the tasks they involve. Certain jobs might disappear completely. But new jobs, some of which we can’t even imagine yet, will be created. We might also be able to spend less time at work and more time doing other things.

Take the survey to find out the chance of your job changing because of automation. Understand what this means for you and explore your options for the future.

Click on the link below to access the survey.

https://oecd-futureofjobs.org/start